A non-partisan journal of the left.

Search London Progressive Journal

  • Enter text and click Search. This search does not accept exact strings with " or '. For exact searching click 'Exact Search'.
  • or

Westminster Attack – Courage, Cowardice and Double Standards

Theresa May, the Prime Minister, was rushed into a car 40 yards from the gates outside Parliament where shots were fired minutes after the incident occurred. What a contrast to President Bashar Al Assad and his wife, who with their children, have never fled terrorist attacks on their country ongoing since March 2011, terrorist attacks which include entirely illegal, massive bombings by UK and US air power.... [read more]

John Pilger: Why Hillary Clinton Is More Dangerous Than Donald Trump

The following is an edited version of an address given by John Pilger at the University of Sydney, entitled ‘A World War Has Begun’.... [read more]

A Telling Silence

They parasitise us from above. But landowners and the Tory party's idle rich are spared the fairest and simplest of taxes, writes George Monbiot.... [read more]

The Johnny Procedure

Uri Avnery on the conspiracy of silence which protects Israeli war criminals.... [read more]

WOMEN WORK TO ADDRESS SILENCE OVER WAR ATROCITIES IN POST-CONFLICT BOUGAINVILLE

In the northern coastal villages of Hako Constituency on Buka Island, in Papua New Guinea’s eastern autonomous region of Bougainville, life to all appearances is carefree... [read more]

A Lonely Lawyer

By now every Israeli has seen the TV clip several times - showing a 14-year old Arab girl being shot dead... [read more]

Genocide in Gaza – The Silence of the Jewellery Industry is Deafening and Telling

The horrific carnage we have seen unleashed in Gaza in recent weeks - a humanitarian catastrophe - would not have been politically or economically affordable without the tacit acquiescence of the global jewellery industry... [read more]

Political policing

Still needs a lot of editing, especially last part...... [read more]

The Looming Threat of Terror that Comes From the Far Right

The threat comes not only from jihadis but 'neo-Nazis' out to kill black people, Jews and gays, says Johann Hari.... [read more]

The National Riddle

Binyamin Netanyahu wants to have them under his control. Completely. Totally. Radio. Television. The social media. The lot.... [read more]

Realism on the World Stage

A poem by Dr Faysal Mikdadi... [read more]

Glory in the Flower

A poem by Dr Faysal Mikdadi... [read more]

Turkey’s Attempted Coup - Cui Bono?

“The individual is handicapped by coming face to face with a conspiracy so monstrous he cannot believe it exists.” (J. Edgar Hoover, Elks Magazine, August 1956).... [read more]

An Incongruous UN Humanitarian Summit in Istanbul

President Erdogan should not have the honour of hosting the first ever United Nations World Humanitarian Summit... [read more]

Ukraine, the price of survival: from civilian aircraft to attack drones

The Ukrainian aviation conglomerate Antonov was more than an industry; it was a legend... [read more]

Preventing Christmas

A Christmas tale by Dr Faysal Mikdadi... [read more]

The Shameful Tragedy of Tariq Aziz. A Metaphor for the “New Iraq.”

As with everything to do with “The New Iraq”, the death of the country’s former Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister, Tariq Aziz, 79, was announced with a lie... [read more]

Who is behind ISIS?

I have no idea where the Islamic State/ISIS/ISIL or whatever name it uses came from, and I'm just as baffled by the roots of its violent ideology... [read more]

Britain's Legacy in Palestine (Part 2 of 2)

Dr Faysal Mikdadi publishes an excellent account of Palestine's history, focusing on how the economic, racist, religious, nationalistic, commercial and orientalist attitudes of Britain shaped the land and its people (Part 2 of 2)... [read more]

John Gray, David Hawkes and the Myth of Progress

Meliorism "is the view that the world is neither completely good nor completely bad, and that incremental progress or regress depend on human actions." This view holds that "By creative intelligence and education we can improve the environment and social conditions."... [read more]

The day my inner anarchist lost out to the bourgeois me

A winter's day, some years back: a fall on the ice landed George Monbiot in A&E – and that's when he met the man with tattoos on his neck and knuckles.... [read more]

The Assange case means we are all suspects now

John Pilger reveals the extent to which the White House will go to silence 'Whistleblowers' speaking the truth... [read more]

Wearing Your Heart on Your Lapel

W Stephen Gilbert reflects on the politics of poppy wearing, its dissociation in popular society from what it actually represents and its hijacking by politicians. ... [read more]

Is Brexit Ready to Exit: Mayhem and changing opinions in the UK

A year ago the UK voted to leave the EU after a stupid, unnecessary referendum. Not only that, but it has emerged that the Brexit campaign was funded by some secretive and dodgy deals.... [read more]

Against Da Law (Part 1)

What do you do if you’re the victim of injustice against major institutions, walled up behind teams of legal eagles whose expertise focuses first and foremost on closing ranks and damage limitations?... [read more]

Iraq: Will Tony Blair Finally Stand Trial for His Part in the “Supreme International Crime”?

Perhaps, at last, justice may have a chance, one which might set a precedent and also deter any politician or leader from embarking on the “supreme international crime”, ever again. Here’s fervently hoping.... [read more]

Whoso Confesseth and Forsaketh

In the tumult of the last few days, on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the "unification" of Jerusalem, one of the articles stated that "even peace-activist Uri Avnery" voted in the Knesset for the unification of the city.... [read more]

Balfour

A poem by Dr Faysal Mikdadi... [read more]

Better world

A poem by Kay Channon... [read more]

Blink

A poem by Kay Channon... [read more]

The Invisible Diasporan (Part 1)

Mallards Cottage was where I wrote my first novel. I called it The Return. I used to dream most of its events – the very plot was born of a dream on Christmas Eve of 1976... [read more]

Being There

President Donald Trump – we must get used to these three words. The only one thing that can be said with some certainty is that nothing is certain. That this man is totally unpredictable... [read more]

Hasta siempre Comandante

While some of the mainstream media are unsuccessfully seeking to tarnish Castro’s image, thousands upon thousands of messages are pouring into Cuba from literally all over the world to pay homage to him... [read more]

Expelled for being a socialist: victim of the #LabourPurge

UNISON activist Terry McPartlan arrived home one day to find a letter stating that he’d been expelled from the Party after 36 years of continuous membership.... [read more]

The Kissinger Story

Kissinger achieved his goal. The Soviets lost the Arab world to the United States. Until Vladimir Putin came along... [read more]

The Wall

A poem by Dr Faysal Mikdadi... [read more]

If Only...

Discontent among the uninformed tends toward unreasoned emotion. The educated dissentient is able and willing to identify the nature of a problem and articulate an indictment of the problem’s source.... [read more]

"Us" and "Them"

Some days ago, Yitzhak Herzog said something especially obnoxious. He declared that his party is failing at elections because people believe that its members are "Arab lovers".... [read more]

Because I Shall Not Be Sleeping

A poem by Geoffrey Heptonstall... [read more]

A Lady With A Smile

For months now, Israel has been in the throes of a mini-intifada... [read more]

Thanksgiving

Poem written for Lawrence Ferlinghetti - Poet, Artist, Bookseller, Publisher, Activist ... [read more]

Replacing reality by fantasy

John Green tales a look at the recent, much-hyped German series Deutschland 83... [read more]

Tiffany’s Supplier Funds a Unit of the Israeli Military Accused of War Crimes - Jewellery Industry Awash with Blood Diamonds

The hypocrisy and double standard that permeates the jewellery industry when it comes to blood diamonds is laid bare when one examines the ethical credential of Tiffany’s diamonds – one of the world’s most prestigious jewellers.... [read more]

The War on Peace

‘When music can be heard the guns are silent.’ Old Russian saying.... [read more]

We’ve Got to Talk about Water and the Middle East

This is the text of a lecture given in Dorchester on Wednesday 28 October 2015... [read more]

Election Victory

A poem by Geoffrey Heptonstall... [read more]

The Self Hating Arab

It felt odd to speak on Skype to a friend in war torn Syria. We had not seen each other since our school days in the 1960s... [read more]

Iraq Inquiry – Five Year, £10 Million Whitewash of Blair Regime?

Bereaved UK families who lost sons and daughters in the illegal invasion of Iraq have now threatened legal action against Sir John Chilcot... [read more]

Sheldon's Stooges

In Japan in the good old days, Binyamin Netanyahu would by now have committed hara-kiri... [read more]

Here’s to a Pretty Pink Nation

The all-Tory government has only been in place for four weeks. The amount of daft and non-think policy statements coming out would be laughable if they weren’t so dreadful... [read more]

Tariq Aziz’s Son: “Time is not on our side.”

24th April 2015, Twelfth Anniversary of a US Travesty of Justice... [read more]

Cultural Zoroastrianism: The Commonality amongst the South-Central-West Asians

The people of Zoroastrian faith, ethnically Persian, can be traced back in history for over 4,000 years... [read more]

A poem for The Great Shimomura

There once was a man who had a plan to double the income of Japan... [read more]

Pakistan government shames itself over Israeli drone connection… no friend to Gazans

Last year July 2014, Mansoor Jaffar, a senior journalist for Al Arabiya, wrote a scathing article critcizing Pakistan for its “zombie-like response" to the Gaza killings... [read more]

An Iranian model of altruism, volunteerism, philanthropy and scholarship in the Diaspora

The devotion of one’s intellectual and material resources to the betterment of human society has been emphasized in Persian literature, culture and religions since the earliest times... [read more]

Penrose Inquiry: “Bad Blood”, biological terrorism and cover-up under a failed western democracy

The Penrose Inquiry, the public inquiry into the circumstances in which patients treated by the NHS in Scotland became infected with Hepatitis C, HIV, or both, through the use of blood or blood products published its Final Report on Wednesday, 25 March 2015... [read more]

An Expensive Speech

Churchill famously said that democracy is the worst political system, except for all those other forms that have been tried from time to time... [read more]

Innocence

A tale of lost innocence by John Lane... [read more]

Galant's Gallant Act

There used to be a joke about a sadist and a masochist... [read more]

The TTIP trade deal will throw equality before the law on the corporate bonfire

The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership is a reckless destruction of democratic principles. But we can beat it, writes George Monbiot.... [read more]

Je suis un être humain

For the first time in a long lifetime, the events in Paris have left me cold, shocked, speechless and terrified. Cold because of its inevitable cruelty. Shocked because of the awful response from a hypocritical world. Speechless because there can be nothing I could possibly say to explain the inexplicable - to defend the indefensible. And terrified because I have brown skin, a beard and I am a Muslim Palestinian... [read more]

The War on Terror and the Terror of War

The vicious cycle of state and individual terror continues unabated. Marxists have long explained that imperialism and Islamic fundamentalism are two aspects of the same reactionary phenomenon—the decay and decline of capitalism—which threatens to take the whole of humanity down with it.... [read more]

Why leaving fossil fuels in the ground is good for everyone

As a new report is published on the need to limit fossil fuel production to stop dangerous global warming, the UK is poised to pass an act committing governments to extracting as much oil out of the ground as possible, writes George Monbiot.... [read more]

The Pen Trumps the Sword Anytime (Part 4)

The fourth part of an 'Introduction' to an illustrated book of poetry by Faysal Mikdadi. The collection, Painted into a Corner, appeared in the summer of 2014... [read more]

Is ISIS Coming?

If ISIS had approached the borders of Israel this week, nobody in the country would have noticed. Israel was riveted to a court-room drama... [read more]

How the world was saved from a nuclear catastrophe

In 1983 the world stood on the brink of a nuclear holocaust. War between NATO and the USSR was prevented by a high ranking NATO official secretly working for the GDR foreign intelligence service... [read more]

Drug and Bank Lords

Part three of the series by Eric Toussaint: The banks and the “too big to jail” doctrine... [read more]

Ukraine: NATO hypocrisy over “Russian invasion” as Kiev suffers defeat

As politicans from across the world met at the NATO summit in Wales, the crisis in Ukraine saw an escalation in rhetoric... [read more]

Israel slates Gaza for fighting back but why the double standards on “resistance”?

The Palestinians of Gaza consider themselves to be living within “occupied territory”, a fact recognised by the United Nations Human Rights Council and Human Rights Watch due to the fact that Israel maintains control of Gaza’s airspace, waters and borders... [read more]

Holocaust Legacy - Britain’s New Nazis

The first Holocaust of this century is taking place in Mosul, Iraq, and the British Government is strangely silent... [read more]

Flight MH17 – Imperialism and the art of hypocrisy

The blame game commenced immediately. Without waiting for an investigation or any hard information whatsoever, Washington lost no time in pointing an accusing finger at Moscow... [read more]

The Dead

A work by the Palestinian poet, writer and artist, Dr Faysal Mikdadi... [read more]

The return of George Orwell and Big Brother’s war on Palestine, Ukraine and the truth

In his latest essay, John Pilger describes the liberal "one-way, legal/moral screen" behind which great power and its Orwellian propaganda ensure an impunity for war and deception, dependent on what Leni Riefenstahl called our "submissive void".... [read more]

Goal Moscow

The USA wants to turn Ukraine into a permanent area of crisis, keeping it just off the boil of war. In this way Russia will feel threatened... [read more]

A Coup? Nonsense!

Journalist and former member of the Israeli parliament, Uri Avnery, describes how the Israeli Defence Force is held on a pedestal... [read more]

Iraq: Sixty Nine Days In Fallujah General Hospital Emergency Department

Felicity Arbuthnot writes about the ongoing massacre in Fallujah, Iraq, as government forces continue to attack the city... [read more]

Betrayal Tinged with Greed and Stupidity

When, last July, an Israeli friend sent me a message about the news of John Kerry's declaration of the resumption of the Israeli-Palestinian peace talks, both she and I were not particularly hopeful.... [read more]

Imperialist war crimes against the people of Syria piling up

Demonstrators denounce mercenary attack on Kassab in Syria... [read more]

Tony Blair, George W. Bush and David Cameron: Hijacking God?

There must be something in the water at Number 10 Downing Street, writes Felicity Arbuthnot... [read more]

Missing Moazzam: For former Guantanamo detainee, the ordeal continues

I am missing the presence of Moazzam Begg as an important contributor to the daily political debate on terrorism and counter-terrorism on social media... [read more]

Blitz or Bling

The great British Blitz tradition has been replaced by the great bling tradition. We live purely on sensationalism, exaggeration, self indulgence, dishonest reporting and, sadly, undignified realities... [read more]

From Obamacare to trade, superversion not subversion is the new and very real threat to the state

Rightwing politicians and their press use talk of patriotism to disguise where their true loyalty lies: the wealthy elite, writes George Monbiot.... [read more]

In the wake of the German elections – the all-too-soon forgotten Euro Hawk drone scandal

The German federal elections have just run their course and the CDU/CSU gained the lion’s share of the public's support. Apparently the electoral results were unaffected by the major political scandal of the summer... [read more]

Obama's rogue state tramples over every law it demands others uphold

For 67 years the US has pursued its own interests at the expense of global justice – no wonder people are sceptical now, writes George Monbiot.... [read more]

Obama's rogue state tramples over every law it demands others uphold

For 67 years the US has pursued its own interests at the expense of global justice – no wonder people are sceptical now, writes George Monbiot.... [read more]

A Tale of Two Prime Ministers

George Tait Edwards comments on the comparisons and contrasts between the policies and personalities of Shinzo Abe, the Prime Minster of Japan, and David Cameron, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom... [read more]

Treasure hunt in Wendish Lusatia

Tomaš Kappa tells a story about Germany’s biggest secret and a scandal, its treatment of the Sorbian people ... [read more]

The battle of Gezi – the battle for freedom

When the first shots sounded I closed my eyes. I shut them closed. I tried to just breathe, not think, while my heart pounded hard against my eardrums. Kitty Ehn reports from Taksim square!... [read more]

“Palestine’s existence depends on respect and on our children” - Dr Rauf Azar (Director of the Beit Sahour medical centre)

Patrizia Bertini interviews Rauf Azar, a Palestinian doctor, using the pioneering Lego Serious Play technique... [read more]

New Year Resolutions in the Arab Spring

Regrettably 2013 has started in a most ghastly realisation of my pessimistic forecast, writes Faysal Mikdadi. The Egyptian comedian, Bassem Youssef, has dared to poke fun at President Morsi and a charge has been filed against him for parodying the President's speeches... [read more]

In the US, mass child killings are tragedies. In Pakistan, mere bug splats

George Monbiot: Barack Obama's tears for the children of Newtown are in stark contrast to his silence over the children murdered by his drones... [read more]

Emily Wilding Davison Memorial Campaign Launched

A new campaign to honour the memory of the militant Suffragette Emily Wilding Davison on the 100th anniversary of her tragic death was launched on 29 November at the Firebox Café in King’s Cross. David Morgan reports ... [read more]

As Gaza is savaged again, understanding the BBC's historical role is vital

We must understand the BBC as a pre-eminent state propagandist and censor by omission, says John Pilger.... [read more]

Struck Dumb

Despite hurricane Sandy, neither Barack Obama nor Mitt Romney will speak about global warming. The danger this poses is huge, writes George Monbiot.... [read more]

Turkish PM Erdogan Must Respond to the Demands of the Kurdish Hunger Strikers

Hundreds of Kurdish prisoners are currently taking part in a hunger strike which they have declared will be indefinite, David Morgan reports... [read more]

The life and death of an Australian hero, whose skin was the wrong colour

Arthur Murray died the other day. I turned to Google Australia for tributes, and there was a 1991 obituary of an American ballroom instructor of the same name. There was nothing in the Australian media, writes John Pilger.... [read more]

IMT sympathiser shot in Swat - Barbarism must not prevail!

Earlier this week, Malala Yousafzai was brutally shot by gunmen as she was returning home from school. Masked assassins stepped onto a bus filled with terrified children, identified her, and shot her at point blank range in the head and neck.... [read more]

Unionbook: a Bastion of Online Activism

Rhys Harrison talks about Unionbook, the progressive activist's answer to Facebook and Twitter... [read more]

Solidarity with Zarakolu and Ersanli

David Morgan reports on the trial of two public figures in Turkey charged with breaking the country’s dubious anti terror laws... [read more]

Never forget that Bradley Manning, not gay marriage, is the issue

John Pilger shows that Barack Obama’s sudden “conversion” to the cause of same-sex marriage barely disguises the prime motives of a president as reactionary and violent as George W Bush.... [read more]

The New Mandela

Uri Avnery writes about the determination of the Israeli state to keep Marwan Barghouti, Palestine's Mandela, behind bars... [read more]

Back to Basics in Palestine: Redefining Our Relationship to a People’s Struggle

Palestinians are governed by laws without internationally recognizable legal frame of reference, a situation that allows Israel to justify the detention of Gaza patients seeking medical treatment outside their besieged area, writes Ramzy Baroud.... [read more]

The world war on democracy

From the Chagos islands to Libya, a ruthless system has been at work, often resorting to violence whilst trying to maintain the illusion of democracy... [read more]

The Struggle Continues: US vs. Genuine Reforms at the United Nations

The country that has long been known to abuse its powers and privileges in the United Nations is now leading a campaign to reform the same organization, says Ramzy Baroud.... [read more]

Palestine: Those Who Inspired Us in 2011

2011 had its share of tragedy. Human lives were lost in Palestine. But hope was also sustained by the sacrifices of numerous ‘ordinary’ people, says Ramzy Baroud.... [read more]

Ban the Spanish Royal family from business

David Eade looks at allegations of a business scandal involving members of the Spanish royal family... [read more]

On Freedom and Imperialism: Arab Spring and the Intellectual Divide

The so-called ‘Arab Spring’ is creating an intellectual divide that threatens any sensible understanding of the turmoil engulfing several Arab countries, says Ramzy Baroud.... [read more]

Signs of resistance to NATO-installed government in Libya

One month after the official “liberation” of Libya was declared, the authority of the National Transition Council remains tenuous at best and the country remains in a state of chaos, says Derek Ford.... [read more]

Weimar Revisited

Uri Avnery explains how the three main pillars of Israeli democracy - the courts, the media and the human rights organisations - are under threat from the political right. ... [read more]

''You are fed up with him?''

Uri Avnery gives his opinion on a recent leaked conversation between Presidents Obama and Sarkozy... [read more]

Wealth Destroyers

The Corporation of the City of London has harmed you more than you know, says George Monbiot. ... [read more]

The Truth About the Situation in Libya

As Colonel Gaddafi’s regime enters its final days, Brian Becker looks at NATOs involvement in bolstering the rebel movement and the truth behind the so called campaign of ‘humanitarian intervention’ ... [read more]

Yet more shady dealings inside Murdoch's empire

Hot on the heels of revelations of widespread phone hacking, journalist Solomon Hughes discloses that the Murdoch empire also engaged in hacking into the computer systems of business rivals.... [read more]

Tunisia: How We Got Here and the Task Ahead

Ramzy Baroud reflects on the causes of the popular uprising and where we go from here.... [read more]

Universal Cure

George Monbit proposes a simple means of transforming the UK’s universities, schools and society. ... [read more]

Fighting Corruption or Persecuting Political Opponents in Venezuela? A Response to the New York Times

James Suggett picks apart the New York Times' claims about alleged political persecution in Chavez's Venezuela.... [read more]

My Children, Ralph Nader and the South China Sea

Ramzy Baroud reflects on the determined and seemingly innate compassion of children, which gives cause for hope and optimism.... [read more]

Flexible Afghanistan War Objectives: And the Agony Grinds On

As the war in Afghanistan grinds on with no end in sight, Ramzy Baroud pours scorn on the various attempts to rationalise and justify this disastrous campaign.... [read more]

Tribe or Nation? A Critical Look at Background to the Current Irish Scene

Irish politics has been back in the UK media limelight in recent weeks and months. Veteran campaigner Roy Johnston sets out a condensed history of the political dimension of the Irish independence struggle.... [read more]

An Odyssey for Justice

Ramzy Baroud celebrates the spirit of international solidarity that has provided crucial practical and moral support for the Palestinian struggle in recent years.... [read more]

Interview with a Colombian Political Prisoner

Garry Leech interviews political prisoner Liliany Obando in her sell in Buen Pastor Prison.... [read more]

The Tone and the Music

While Obama proclaims the 21st century, the government of Israel is returning to the 19th, writes Uri Avnery.... [read more]

Clinton's Unpromising Start

Ramzy Baroud on the inauspicious opening phase of the new Obama administration's Middle East policy.... [read more]

Hillsborough Twenty Years On

With the nation marking the 20th anniversary of the Hillsborough tragedy, Steve Jones reflects on the UK's worst stadium disaster.... [read more]

In the Name of Iraq? Luton Protesters Are Out of Touch

Hussein Al-Alak reflects on the recent tabloid furore over an ill-conceived miniature anti-war protest led by Muslim extremists in the UK.... [read more]

Someone Else’s England

Guardian journalist George Monbiot makes the case for further devolutionary reform in Britain.... [read more]

‘I Can Give You the Names of Those Responsible’ – Interview with a Colombian Human Rights Activist

Campaign group Justice for Colombia recently conducted the following interview with a human rights activist who works closely with the trade union movement in the Colombian department of Meta. ... [read more]

Gaza and the World: Will Things Ever Change?

Reviewing the events of the past fortnight in Gaza, Ramzy Baroud condemns the failure of Arab governments to provide meaingful support for the Palestinian people.... [read more]

Talk of "Progress" in Iraq is a Smokescreen as Sectarian Militants Target Christian Community

As violence continues unabated in "free" Iraq, Hussein Al-Alak questions the convenient myth that there is something inherently natural about sectarian violence in Iraq.... [read more]

The Patron Saint of Charlatans

George Monbiot asks: How does Christopher Booker get away with it?... [read more]

The Final Offensive for the US-Colombia Free Trade Agreement is a Stark Contrast to Other Developments in the Hemisphere

Mario A. Murillo on the contrast between the US client regime in Colombia and the progressive politics of some of Colombia's Latin American neighbours.... [read more]

Colombian State Accused of Torture and Murder of Trade Union Leader

Campaign group "Justice for Colombia" reports on the latest in an ongoing campaign of state-sponsored killings targeting Colombia's trade unionists. ... [read more]

Ten Years On: The Iraq Sanctions

Hussein Al-Alak looks back on the murderous sanctions regime imposed upon Iraq prior to the overt aggression of 2003.... [read more]

Merchants of War: A Letter to the Times Newspaper

Mehrnaz Shahabi's recent letter to the Times newspaper exposes media deception as the sabre-rattling o Iran continues.... [read more]

It’s Time to say Thank You to our Immigrant Communities

Parmjit Dhanda MP on the continued success of immigration in Britain.... [read more]

The War Against Christianity

Hussein Al-Alak considers the plight of Iraq's Christian community.... [read more]

Exploited Labour On The High Street

Some of the UK’s most popular clothing brands use child labour to mass produce its merchandise. This must stop now - human dignity is at stake. ... [read more]