Holocaust Memorial Day takes place each year on the 27th January and is marked on that day to commemorate the liberation of the Auschwitz Concentration Camp, by the Soviet Union’s Red Army. According to the website of the Holocaust Memorial Trust, HMD is held to remember the victims of the Nazi Holocaust and victims of “subsequent genocides”.
Listed on the HMD website, are countries, who since the Holocaust, have experienced periods of unrest, which has resulted in genocide. These countries include Rwanda, Bosnia, Dafur and Cambodia. There is also information, which allows people to contact the organisation, along with providing opportunities for people to get involved.
The Holocaust education movement also has a longstanding history of including the situation in Iraq, where its inclusion first took place in the middle of the 1990s at a Holocaust exhibition in Manchester. Inspired by the story of Anne Frank, the exhibition laid the foundations which drew a direct link with the atrocities in Europe, to those experienced in Iraq during the 1980s and the 1990s.
Examples from the 1980s, included periods of internal repression by Saddam Hussain. Other examples included the Halabja massacre and the use of chemical weapons during the Iraq/Iran war. Reflecting the 1990s, it included the situation endured by Iraqi children under the UN imposed Sanctions, which provided the focal point and reference for debate with visitors.
This exhibition was complimented by a series of widely publicised meetings, where each of the themes were discussed, with guest speakers from a range of backgrounds, including members of the Iraqi community and Nazi Holocaust survivors. This allowed the general public to listen, question and then debate the contents of the exhibition.
That exhibition saw the emergence of another, which through resources provided by a variety of Holocaust Educational bodies was able to develop the themes explored in the first exhibition and also include wider subjects to incorporate attitudes towards refugees and more contemporary examples of direct or indirect prejudice.
This allowed people to examine the media, which drew parallels between content from the 1930s up to the present day. It also provided visitors with content on post-genocide survival, which through public discussion with survivors allowed people to access the first hand experiences of displacement, asylum, language and psychological recovery.
By drawing the direct link where the idea of Never Again applies to all, the Holocaust Education movement was able to develop into the millennium, where Iraq was incorporated into exhibitions like Anne Frank +You, along with Holocaust educators taking part in UK based Iraqi community events.
This link has also been witnessed through the Holocaust Education movement’s involvement in the current situation with Iraq and the Islamic State. In 2015, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM) were the first to convene experts, who after extensive research, in cooperation with Iraq, declared the crimes of ISIS as being “Genocide”.
The basis of the USHMM findings have provided perspective for the United States and EU parliaments to overwhelmingly support the evidence of witnesses, survivors and aid workers. In a similar effort to the Nuremberg Trials, the crimes of ISIS against Yazidis, Shiite Muslims, Iraqi Christians, Mandeans and Shabak, can now be taken up by the International Criminal Court and the perpetrators brought to justice.
This article first appeared at http://totallyhussein.blogspot.co.uk/2016/04/holocaust-education-and-iraqi-community.html
Categorised in: Article
This post was written by Hussein Al-alak